In the northern hemisphere, March signals the coming of spring and warmer weather. The soft blue to blue-green color of aquamarine, the March birthstone, is perfect for this month, as it evokes the serenity and the tranquility of the seaside in early spring. Aquamarine gets its name from the Latin words ‘aqua’ meaning water and ‘mare’ which means the sea. This beautiful stone was also thought to be the treasure of mermaids, and its energetic qualities were believed to be especially strong when it was submerged in water.
True to its name, the lovely aquamarine was thought to protect sailors from the wrath of Poseidon, God of the Sea. Sailors, caught in a storm, would throw their aquamarines over the side of the ship into the sea in a last ditch effort to cool Poseidon’s temper.
The stone’s cool blue-green color was thought to cool human tempers and calm angry hearts as well. My favorite historical (and slightly odd!) fact about the lovely stone comes from the ancient Romans, who thought that a frog carved from aquamarine would help to resolve differences between enemies. Many people who lived in the Middle Ages believed that wearing an aquamarine would prevent them from being poisoned (another odd fact!) Sumerian, Egyptian, and Hebrew warriors wore the aquamarine into battle to help them achieve victory.
Aquamarine is a member of the beryl family and gets its lovely color from the presence of iron. All the members of the beryl family derive their color from the presence of metallic elements. Otherwise, they would be colorless. The stone can vary in color from it's characteristic pale blue, with the darker stones being more valuable as well as more desirable. The biggest source for aquamarine is Brazil but Africa is rapidly becoming a secondary and important source of this popular gemstone.
Aquamarine is also associated with courage, loyalty, friendship, and communication as well as beauty. For anyone with a March birthday, a beautiful Irish Claddagh ring in either sterling silver, white or yellow gold and set with a gorgeous blue-green aquamarine as the heart makes a perfect gift, evoking all these qualities and more. And with its reputation for smoothing over relationships and re-awakening lost love, the tranquil aquamarine was often given as an anniversary gift and is listed as the official 19th-anniversary gemstone as well.